RETINAL VEIN OCCLUSION
These are diseases of, wherein the veins of the retina are prone to occlusion due to various conditions, resulting in inadequate blood flow into the retina , collection of watery fluid and blood within the layers of the Retina. Patient experiences, gradual loss of vision and sometimes patient may not have any symptoms.
Clinical examination reveals bleeding and /or fluid collection between retinal layers. New and abnormal blood vessels may develop, and retina may separate from its attachment in later stages. Patient need to be evaluated and treated for underlying systemic diseases, such as systemic hypertension, diabetes, sarcoidosis etc.
Treatment includes addressing the fluid accumulation with injection into the eyes, laser and control of associated rise in eye pressure.